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  • Top Stoner Picks

  • Torontoker mini journal

    Hello people Well this is my first journal on this site so hopefully I don't break any rules or anything. I've had a journal going for over a year on another site and got sick of being talked down too and called names. Anyway enough of that.   My cabinet I will be using in this journal is what I refer to as my experiment cabinet. It's an old armoire that I've converted into a grow can. The top section is 36" wide 30" deep and 60" high The bottom section is just for cuttings n seedlings. Right now I have a 400mh that I use for veg n flower but I'm waiting on some parts to show up and i will Be building a 200watt diy cob led to switch the mh for. I usually run 6-8 plants at a time Right now I have 2 grandpas breath for gdp 2 honeybee from a private source 2 chemdxsolo stash phantom cookies 2 space phantoms   I run 12:1 or the gas light routine for veg And I flower using 8/16 They currently aren't very big so no point in posting Pics yet. If anyone's interested I can post pics of past plants

    Torontoker
    Torontoker
    Indoor Grow Journals 3715

    OrganicAmber's Current Canna Grow (2018-

    Here's the lastest flower, we will start with this, then go into details about the grow and strains and what not.... So, lets's start with some bud porn:    1. "Blue Fuel"   -Fully Organic -Grown From Seed -Frost Factory -Grown under HPS/CMH -HI MOM!       -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------   "CheeseQuake"   -An Oldie but a Goodie -Fully Organic -Grown under HPS/CMH -HI DAD!

    M1dAmb3r
    M1dAmb3r
    Indoor Grow Journals 58

    Skunkworks 2.0

    This is what I've been doing today. One wall, half of another. That'll give me room to shuffle things around. Still on the fence about the fake wall. Probably can accomplish what I need under the work table. Just as easy to hide. Not growing pounds here yet. The whole room is 20 X 16. Ceiling goes up after last wall, then piece in all the rips at the top, foam gun the cracks. Thinking long haul and short range here. Can't keep buying shitty smoke. It's good and all but it's no Zulu Skunk, you know what I mean. Not to mention the price.

    Mycobro
    Mycobro
    Indoor Grow Journals 361
  • That's a beautiful and interesting shot! That little nug gets some size and it'll be a good poster shot. That purple finger is to cool.

    Mycobro
    Mycobro
    Indoor Grow Journals

    Anomaly of the day godhead that smells like vanilla bean and kerosene is throwing a frost nug from the fan  never seen colouring on one finger before either 

    Torontoker
    Torontoker
    Indoor Grow Journals

    Thanks man, good to be back

    M1dAmb3r
    M1dAmb3r
    Indoor Grow Journals

    Number 4 has definitive bag appeal!

    Mycobro
    Mycobro
    Indoor Grow Journals

    Sweet stuff mid! Nice to see you back.  I love cats Dark, he/she's a beauty!

    tiltswitch
    tiltswitch
    Indoor Grow Journals
  • Random Think

    Flipped on the TV and there’s Ghost Busters!   Was made in 1984. Saw a computer that must’ve been an old IBM XT (pre 286).  Probably had about 128 Kb memory! lol

    wu wei
    wu wei
    Stoner Talk

    Random Think

    I’ve got half a jar of blunt roachs (no tobacco) from the ashtrays and 5 empty gram wrappers from the tray. The mrs is passed out. We had swiss cheeseburgers at 3 am and went out to the water to scare ourselves. I told them to leave their guns home lol the boy was the recipient of that sweet colt 45. I made sausage gravy and biscuits for everyone this morning then we started burning brush. She just got home and he text me that he passed out for 3 hrs after he got home this afternoon.  I went back to my smoke shop today and bought a nice perc for my bio bong, a king toker, couple of OG chillums, 3 heavy glass pipes, a new large heavy bowl for bong, handful of glass screens, a large RAW tray and a new apex wax vape for $120. the vape is normally $64 from manufacturer and I paid $30     MERRY SPRING CHRISTMAS        I’ll be back up in the rafters for awhile     

    Kushkush
    Kushkush
    Stoner Talk

    Random Think

    watching the NCAA tourney  one thing of note    I saw a "body check" that was worthy of hockey.  Knocked the guy into the 2nd row of seats.  Full contact basketball!

    DarKwon
    DarKwon
    Stoner Talk

    Random Think

    Breaktime. I’m only doing one plant. Going to let one go for another week just for comparison.     Already got a stiff neck. And that coloring was fairly accurate. Bunch of purply looking stuff in white light.   Vaped some popcorns but then I started going OCD on it.  Don’t have time for that crap. Back to snippety snip.  

    wu wei
    wu wei
    Stoner Talk

    Wake & Bake

    Yep just a drop or two and ahhhh cool toke 

    Kushkush
    Kushkush
    Stoner Talk
  • Behind the 8-Ball

    Some place to jot down whatever arises during this 8-Ball Kush grow. Bless you Chris! Thank you for your generosity!   I don't wanna do a detailed chronological log or analysis here. I wanna have fun and learn from you all.    I have a real good feeling about this grow (if i don't think about aphids).  I'm really liking the vibes I get in this room - in spite of tent limitations.  The two girls are healthy seedlings now and loving life. They're growing like a weed! The tent stays around 75 in the 18 hr "day" and dips high 50s from midnight to 6. I'm doing my familiar Happy Frog - Perlite combo again on both. I was gonna do Ocean Forrest or one HF and the other OF but didn't and i have zero reasons why. Maybe next grow.   So I dote on them. I'm thinking what to name them. Lucy and Ethel? Laverne and Shirley? Mary and Jane? London and Paris? Or how about Jennifer and Angelina?  lol They'd probly yank each other's roots out.  So any suggestions? 

    wu wei
    wu wei
    Bloggy blog 46

    Knowing and Growing

    Having Met Mary and Formed a Bond with her, I often wonder what makes others grow our awesome plant?    Ive spoken in posts and my first blog entry about what brought me to growing...     I went back to purchasing Weed and then decided to quit due to hassles of finding it and staying safe at same time. My arthritis began to get worse from years as a mechanic and contractor and the toll this work had taken on my body. I went to a doctor who prescribed pills and more pills, Painkiller, anti-inflammatory drugs...etc.  None of which really helped much, and made worse in some ways as they messed with my stomach.    Sometime during this ordeal, I wanted some smoke for a football game coming  up and  I asked a sister of mine if she could "hook me up" and she did ....for a fee...lol   When I smoked that- Something amazing happened....I was pain free!?!?!? First time in so long, My stomach felt better and I was a hell of a lot less stressed out. I consider this my introduction to medical marijuana. I began to think of mechanics and contractors I had worked with (older than myself), My own parents and how much so many could benefit from this plant. But how? its circa 2010 and while things were looser in Cali most of the rest of the country were still in the dark ages and the internet had really just begun to get the reach it has today.   I went back to doctor and told her to keep her pills, but had decided I wanted to quit smoking cigarettes asked doc and she recommended Chantix. Ive heard many great story's of people using Chantix and being free from nicotine addiction, Unfortunately I am one of those that Chantix (wellbutrin) does not play well with- It made me edgy I guess is a good word to use.    A major side effect of Chantix is Lucid Dreaming (Stoners know that weed has a tendency to stop dreaming while sleeping or at least making it so you don't remember dreaming)        That next morning I began to research hydroponics and get back into MJ forums for help with this. Found OverGrow was gone, ended up at another site and found hostility, people who would rather harp on whats wrong with your idea/grow/plant than actually work together for solutions.         I Found one particular thread that I began to follow and actually followed it to 3 different sites before StonerHaven was founded by @Stoner, Myself and a lot of other caring Stoners who wanted information to reach the masses and were devoted to seeing people succeed as growers, and get the quality medicine in Marijuana we all deserve.

    PureGro1
    PureGro1
    Pure Thoughts 1

    Everything's wonderful

    So I don't know about blogs and all that but whatever.    When I asked my PT girl today how much I could possibly shoot for in terms of minimizing lower back torture and living with vigor (JFK lol), she said one day I'd be jogging better than in the last 10 years. She knows I love jogging and she was serious.  And I believe her because this girl knows her stuff and she knows how to turn me back in superman again! lol I'm so glad the semi-worthless(?) neuro spinal surgeons couldn't do anything because these PT peeps are dammmm good!    Off now to get me some seed feminizing supplies. Done had it with males and autos and all that peasant stuff.  

    wu wei
    wu wei
    Bloggy blog 56
  • Random Think

    Flipped on the TV and there’s Ghost Busters!   Was made in 1984. Saw a computer that must’ve been an old IBM XT (pre 286).  Probably had about 128 Kb memory! lol

    wu wei
    wu wei
    Stoner Talk

    Random Think

    I’ve got half a jar of blunt roachs (no tobacco) from the ashtrays and 5 empty gram wrappers from the tray. The mrs is passed out. We had swiss cheeseburgers at 3 am and went out to the water to scare ourselves. I told them to leave their guns home lol the boy was the recipient of that sweet colt 45. I made sausage gravy and biscuits for everyone this morning then we started burning brush. She just got home and he text me that he passed out for 3 hrs after he got home this afternoon.  I went back to my smoke shop today and bought a nice perc for my bio bong, a king toker, couple of OG chillums, 3 heavy glass pipes, a new large heavy bowl for bong, handful of glass screens, a large RAW tray and a new apex wax vape for $120. the vape is normally $64 from manufacturer and I paid $30     MERRY SPRING CHRISTMAS        I’ll be back up in the rafters for awhile     

    Kushkush
    Kushkush
    Stoner Talk

    Random Think

    watching the NCAA tourney  one thing of note    I saw a "body check" that was worthy of hockey.  Knocked the guy into the 2nd row of seats.  Full contact basketball!

    DarKwon
    DarKwon
    Stoner Talk
  • Growing Marijuana Tutorials

  • Marijuana Concentrates and Extracts

  • Cooking With Marijuana

  • Atman Vape Tanks

    ATMAN DIDA CBD/THC CARTRIDGES FOR OIL              Atman has introduced a Cartridge for THC/CBD oil that is very impressive when reading the stats, I was skeptical of a tank making a lot of difference. I have used many tank brands you have heard probably heard of, I've also found myself going back to disposable tanks for dependability and in some cases a superior taste.    For this review I had decided to try out a distillate oil which I wasn't particularly fond of flavor (Sunset Sherbet) I used this on your normal run of the mill pen style battery (* 900mAh Lithium-Ion Battery) The first thing I noticed about these cartridges was the no thread top which is very nice and you know what I mean if you ever had one with glass tank and oil on the threads. you simply pop the top off and fill it, I removed the oil from a disposable plastic tank using a syringe and needle. The weight of the Atman cartridge helps while filling it, It just sits nicely in comparison to plastic tank that doesn't want to stay upright. However the weight of it on a pen style battery feels a bit much, the shorter the battery the better it would be in this case- a long battery feels top heavy.    Once the cartridge was filled I took my first puff off the Atman tank, I was surprised at how little resistance there was due to the top and down airflow design. Now here is the shocking part- This distillate I have hated the flavor of in a plastic tank was palatable in the Atman DIDA Tank, I was quite surprised by this fact and took a few puffs just to make sure I was really getting the full flavor. While doing the flavor test I noticed that I was blowing some huge clouds of vapor with no cough (Usually if I had blown a cloud this size, I would have really had to suck on the vape and would have coughed on exhale) I was bit surprised by this as well and realized the vapor is cooler than I am used to feeling on throat at that volume. This design is also nice in the fact that it clears all the vapor from the tank with every hit.   Due to all the flavor testing then becoming intrigued by how much more vapor this tank was producing along with how cool it felt, I realized I was becoming quite stoned which was another surprise as this particular oil was not high on my list for potency nor flavor and both have just moved up a few notches just thanks to a different tank.   The Specs for these Atman DIDA Cartridges are below, They come in a variety of sizes and maybe available in different colors. While I feel the price is on the high side, This is a quality product that saves time cleaning/filling and provides a great vaping experience. I believe it is a solid value for the money, at first glance you may feel the price is high.     PPT= Pull-out and Plug-in Tech, easy to fill and refill

    This may or may not be important to you, If your refilling for sale it probably is, They have developed a system that will allow you to refill many more cartridges in same amount of time. TDA= Top and Down AirFlow, no leaking, but huge vapor and pure taste
      Patent-protected Technology. The air comes from top and down to take out all vapor hidden at the bottom, it will provide more vapor and a pure taste.
    It Will Rapidly cool down the vapor to ensure best taste and performance. The device guarantees ZERO leaking.
      HCC=Horizontal Ceramic Coil, ensuring huge vapor and pure taste
      Unique ceramic core to increase surface area between oil and the core, fully atomizing the oil and supporting bigger vapor, more puffs and superior flavor
      CFT= Cotton Free Tech, healthier for you
      These Cartridges come without a cotton element around the ceramic coil, which can give you a better vaping performance and decrease oil buildup on the ceramic surface.
      LT= Low Temperature, giving better taste to your oil         Specifications: Ceramic coil element Tank Volume: 0.5ml/1.0ml/1.5ml/1.8ml/2.0ml Resistance: 2.1ohm Dimension: 11mm 510 Thread  

    PureGro1
    PureGro1
    Marijuana/Cannabis Products

    Oil X Green

    The Oil X Green Extraction System Uses Pentane, We have after using and testing this Extraction System gave 4 Stars for ease  of use,  Its not hard to use but it is complex and you need to follow directions. We also gave it 3 stars on price, this is not meant to say that the product is overpriced but rather you may feel this is a high price to pay for extraction machine.       When looking at the $199 price one must consider that this will save you money long term because it recaptures over 90% of the Pentane used to extract the THC/CBD.     We Rated it at 5 stars for Quality of product, and 5 stars for Overall Value, This extraction package is full of quality products and thus delivers an excellent value for the price paid and this gives us an overall rating of 4 stars.   What you get in the Box: 2 buckets, 3 jars, 1 funnel with paper filters, 1 main tubing apparatus,1 blowout tube, 1 locking rod and 1 Pyrex petri dish along with instructions.   Buckets (2): These are a heavy plastic with handles,   Funnel (1): It is a heavy porcelain unit with built in strainer and comes with paper filters that fit inside the funnel.    The tubing and fittings (1): This is the main apparatus and can be purchased as their Bare metal Kit, The SS (316 stainless steel) and looks perfectly bent with heavy looking SS fittings going through the lids. You will also notice that the gasket material used on the Hot and Cold side is not the normal mason jar wax seal.   Jars (3): The jars themselves are regular mason type 1/2 gallon jars   Blowout tube (1): Made again of SS and also perfectly shaped   Locking Rod (1): Made of steel, Its purpose is to hold the cold side jar down in the cold side bucket. In my review and how to posts- I was never able to really figure out how this simple thing works, and TBH I didn't have any issue with ice causing the cold side jar to float- I did use the handle to secure it just to be safe.    Pyrex petri dish (1): A nice glass petri dish to finish evaporating the pentane from your oil   If you have extracted THC/CBD from Marijuana before using any of the home craft type systems using Alcohol or Butane you will already understand how this works.   If You have never done an extraction before    
    Then follow along while we walk through this process one step at a time First Chill Pentane and Weed Soak Weed in Pentane (You can experiment with this but 15-30 min should give adequate time) Strain weed from pentane attach clean jar to COLD side(with the coil) and Jar with pentane you strained to HOT side  Add Ice and Cold water to cold side bucket Working quickly add HOT water to Hot side bucket (Pentane boils at 98* so your water needs to stay above 98* for entire process which is about 45 min) If needed you can keep adding HOT water to keep temps up. Cover hot side bucket to keep heat in! Once almost all of the pentane has been extracted to Cold side you can remove the jars from the buckets Remove Hot jar and pour extract and what little pentane is left into petri dish Use blowout tube connected to HOT side and blow any remaining pentane back into COLD jar Remove cold jar and install storage lid, put back in refrigerator.  Now you can wait and allow the remaining pentane to evaporate in a warm spot with air blowing on it or you can get a small heater such as Store for dabs, dry thin for shatter, crumble,
     add an emulsifier and even terpenes to use in vape carts like the one I made in Video below.  Clean up and store away for next time.   After Using this I have to say I really like the system, and there is quite a little rush when you see the clean pentane spitting into cold side IMO this is much safer than butane to make and does not require the purging butane does- Because the pentane boils off at such low temps this saves many terpenes and cannabinoids from being lost to heat needed to evaporate during other extraction methods. The color of the oil is remarkable, Its a beautiful honey color due to Pentane not stripping chlorophyll and other things you don't want in your extract.           Check out the Video of the entire process below And check back for an updated video with corrected volume levels.   Also be sure to check out OilxGreens video below that as well!  

    PureGro1
    PureGro1
    Marijuana/Cannabis Products 1

    Magical Butter Machine

    Quality...it's a good build. Would look good in any high end kitchen. Looks and feels really well built.   Ease of use...so easy to use a child who can comprehend one button operations can use it. Couldn't make it any easier to use.   Price....little tough one here for me. I'm a kinda guy who likes to reverse engineer.  In other words I like to see and figure out how things operate and work. With this one here, the concept is soooo simple that the price should be simple too lol. But getting back to the price. I feel it is well worth its value. It is made with quality parts and looks to be durable. I've used mine many times to make tincture and butters. So I have no complaints.   Overall value....it's durable, has multi functions to make an assortment of oils and butters, tinctures etc and it is one fine looking piece of equipment.   To see the MB2E in action check out the article below:     FROM THE MANUFACTURER:  The MagicalButter device is the world’s first counter top botanical extractor, designed for infusing the essence of healthy herbs into butter, oil, alcohol, lotions, and more! Combining an immersion blender with a programmable thermostat and heating unit, the MB machine is designed to create incredible recipes and botanical infusions with little or no labor. The MagicalButter machine grinds, heats, stirs, and steeps your herbal extract, all at the correct time intervals and temperature for a perfect infusion every time. As a result, you achieve your desired infusion easily, safely, and consistently. Features:   ● Fully automatic, microprocessor-controlled program sequences ● Pitcher constructed of stainless steel ● Integrated digital thermostat & sensors bring laboratory-grade temperature controls to your kitchen for consistent results ● Makes 2-5 cups per cycle ● Self-cleaning! Dimensions: Weight: 10 lbs. Width: 10 Inches Height: 14 Inches Depth: 10 Inches Capacity: 2-5 Cups of Liquids Included: LoveGlove, PurifyFilter 190, MB CookBook, Owner's Manual and 110V power cord.

    fruit_loops
    fruit_loops
    Marijuana/Cannabis Products

    Stoner Haven Grinder

    The Stoner Haven weed grinder is made from premium zinc alloy, thicker, heavier, and more durable. It can capture much more keif from the bottom chamber than other grinders. It is designed in a combination of 4 different pieces. It is easy and convenient to assemble, use, and clean. A strong magnetic lid connects to the crusher firmly. Features a Thin Poly O-Ring for smooth grinding and less friction. The high quality metal teeth have exceptional durability.This grinder is 2" Diameter x 1.5" Height. It is small enough to fit in your pocket and very portable for travel grinding.   Product description Grinders are made of strong and high quality materials that guarantee optimal performance and durability. Optimum 2 inch size, grind the herb you need in one go. Easy to use and easy to carry. Super sharp, well designed, correctly placed teeth for the best grind, does not rip or shred.- With free scraper and brush, you can easily collect and remove the remaining keif from the grinder.

    Package Included:
    1 x 2" Herb Grinder
    1 x Pollen Scraper
    1 x Cleaning Brush  

    PureGro1
    PureGro1
    Marijuana/Cannabis Products
  • Stoned Quotes

    We shall, by and by, want a world of hemp more for our own consumption.

    John Adams  

  • my mushroon hobby

    well I'm trying my luck at growing hobby mushrooms. got some Thai-koh samui super strain prints gifted to me, hope the prints are relatively sterile.. so I start my grow on the 26th of September. I started one honey water liquid culture and one crack corn / rabbit poo jar and on the thirtyith a Brown rice flower jar. the l.c. jar as of now anyway if there's anyone on here who could help/walk me through growing these it would be great.. I have no pressure cooker yet but I've been boiling my jars of brf for 90+minutes so far no life yet in them..

    Farmerfischer
    Farmerfischer
    Mushrooms 87

    Z strain

    Here we go. Half seasoned dry cow dung half horticultural grade coir. Brought to field capacity with bottle water. Make a dung lasagna. Layer of dung mix, layer of fully hydrated popcorn. They have split and been briefly rinsed. Here you go. Dark rich loose nutritious cakes. Layer of perlite. This is a filter. A waste land of nothing to eat for anything wanting to get in. Aluminum foil will keep water out during sterilization in pressure cooker.  Electrical tape will hold under heat, water, and pressure just fine. 90 minutes of pressure and steam minimum. Feel free to do more than once. Especially in a day or so. In case something survived you can kill it with another round. Fractional sterilization. I used to work with a giant tamales pot. Every other day for a week will kill everything. Pressure cooking is good but you can get around it.

    Mycobro
    Mycobro
    Mushrooms 132

    Mycology Research

    Let me just leave this here...    

    SirNovak
    SirNovak
    Mushrooms 19
  • Edible Overdose

    It goes without saying that the best thing you can do is to prevent this from happening with edibles – like starting with a small amount and waiting at least an hour or more before consuming any more Marijuana. Once you have done edibles a couple times You will get to know your own tolerance well enough that you wont need to worry at all.
          Overdosing on edibles happens frequently with users that don’t know where their tolerance level is at or by eating edibles that are much stronger than anticipated.
      What if You ate some super strength edibles or improperly dosed edibles and feel uncomfortable?     ABOVE: How to properly Dose Edibles.
      Here are 5 ways to help yourself through the bad trip of Too Much THC
      Stay Calm
      Even though this feels horrible at the moment, Take a deep breath and realize this will not kill you or hurt you in any way, and the feeling will eventually pass. The absolute worst cases cause Dizziness and Vomiting that while not fun- cause no lasting effect.
      Take Some CBD
      CBD is great to help level off from too much THC. CBD does not make you high, but it can help balance the THC in your system. Smoke or Vape a CBD strain, or take some CBD oil and may feel the THC High even itself out.
      Take some deep Breaths
      Controlled breathing is great in many circumstances. Whether you are feeling extra paranoid, nausea, lethargic or dizzy, it can help you feel better and gives you something to focus on. Take deep breaths – in through your nose and out through your mouth – and keep your breaths as even as possible.
      Drink Something
      Being hydrated from the start can help you not get too high from edibles. Clear liquids are preferable and NO ALCOHOL!
      Sleep
        If all else fails find a calm, quiet place where you can rest and breath.. Remember, this feeling will pass. Take deep, full breaths in through your nose and out through your mouth. Sometimes sleeping it off can be the best way to stop an out of control high.  

    PureGro1
    PureGro1
    Cooking with Marijuana

    CBD and Yoga

    According to the Vedas, cannabis is a source of happiness, a substance that offers joy and something that was compassionately given to humans to help liberate them from worry and fear. Yoga is a Sanskrit word that means to “unite” or “to be made whole.” Like cannabis, it can be used to liberate the mind from worry and fear. Yoga is the ultimate liberation, allowing us to unite with the limitless potential we all contain. Yoga is a practice that invites us to center our energy through pranayama(breathwork) and asana (postures) that is wildly beneficial for body, mind and soul. It promotes relaxation while building strength and offers inspiration to live more mindfully in our everyday lives.     Why CBD and Yoga Make the Perfect Pair There’s a reason yoga has become so popular in Western society over the past couple of decades. It’s amazing for reducing stress, anxiety and depression — things far too many people experience on a day-to-day basis in our modern, fast-paced society. Sounds a lot like CBD, right? CBD is an awesome complement to yoga. This non-psychoactive cannabinoid has shown to have an astounding effect on our central nervous system, helping calm the mind and reset the soul. One of the most popular reasons people use CBD, after all, is to reduce anxiety.   What happens when you combine yoga and CBD together? We’d like to think it’s nothing short of magic.   While CBD won’t get you high, it’s incredible for helping you chill out. Combine that with a gentle yoga routine that inspires you to do the same, and you’ve got something that has the potential to make you feel really, really good. Aside from the amazing benefits the combination of CBD and yoga have for stress relief, the physical benefits of the two together are unprecedented. And if you’re someone who finds that muscle and joint pain keep you from a regular yoga practice, CBD could help soothe these aches and pains as you move through each pose. You’ve got a few options when it comes to combining CBD and yoga. If you live in one of the more progressive states that have passed recreational cannabis laws (think Colorado, California, Oregon and Washington), you’re likely to find a yoga studio offering “ganja yoga” classes. Many of these classes, however, are aimed at combining marijuana that contains THC with a traditional yoga class. There are some studios that have embraced the concept of using CBD and yoga. If you’re lucky enough to live close to one of these studios, we encourage you to go check out a class! Here’s the thing, though. Combining CBD with your home yoga practice will give you the same benefits of heading down to the studio. And for many, it’s a lot more feasible than finding a studio that offers CBD yoga. All you need is a little CBD and your yoga mat.   A CBD-Inspired Yoga Routine We invite you to soothe body, mind and soul through the combination of powerful plant medicine and ancient yogic postures. Before moving into this gentle CBD-inspired yoga routine, give yourself a moment to set up for your practice. Roll out your mat, maybe light a candle and grab a bottle of CBD oil tincture. Because CBD tincture takes a bit to kick in (15–40 minutes, depending on the administration method), we like to begin our CBD-inspired yoga routine with a 10–15 minute meditation. Come to the top of your mat in the cross-legged position to prepare for this relaxing, CBD-inspired routine. Take your desired serving size of CBD and place it under your tongue while setting an intention for your practice. As you let the tincture sit under your tongue for 1-2 minutes, reflect on the intention you’ve set. Here’s one of our favorite intentions when coming to our yoga mat for this gentle CBD-inspired yoga routine: I intend to be fully present in each moment and allow myself to completely relax into my practice. Once you’ve swallowed your tincture, go ahead and lay down on your mat to begin this sequence in Savasana (we told you it was gentle). The goal of beginning this CBD-inspired yoga routine in Savasana is to allow the CBD time to work in the body. Give yourself at least 10 minutes in this relaxation pose before moving into the rest of your sequence.   Corpse Pose (Savasana): Close your eyes and lie quietly in the perfect stillness that surrounds you. For a few moments, just lie there, breathing deeply in and out, without straining the breath or body in any way. Let the following float through your mind: I don’t have to speak for a few minutes. I don’t have to move or respond to anyone or anything. For a few moments, I can become perfectly quiet in body and mind and I don’t even have to think. I can become completely still and relaxed. In this moment, I am free from all responsibilities. I allow myself to completely relax into the floor beneath me, knowing I am completely supported in this moment. While Savasana is typically reserved for the end of yoga sequences (prepare to do it again at the end of this one), we love starting our CBD-inspired yoga routine in this resting pose to allow the CBD tincture time to work. Because this sequence is designed for total relaxation, starting in Savasana sets the mood for the intention of this practice while allowing the CBD to interact with the endocannabinoid system. Knees-to-Chest (Apasana): After you’ve given yourself 10–15 minutes in Savasana, on an exhalation, bring both knees to your chest for Knees-to-Chest pose (Apasana). Keep your back flat while drawing your sacrum and tailbone down to the floor, slightly tuck the chin and gaze down the center line of your body. Hold this pose for a count of 10–15 seconds, focusing on deep inhalations and long, slow exhalations. Repeat 2–3 times. Knees-to-Chest pose works a lot like CBD in that its excellent at relieving anxiety. This gentle posture can also help reduce excessive anger and is great for individuals with high blood pressure. It’s also wonderful for helping to alleviate lower back pain. Supine Twist (Jathara Parivartanasana): After you’ve released the legs from Apasana, inhale deeply and bring the right knee to your chest. Interlace the fingers and hold, focusing on each breath as you deeply inhale and exhale for 10–15 seconds. On your final exhale, gently take your knee and twist to the left side of your body. Hold here, breathing deeply in and gently out of the body for as long as you like. We like to stay here for 1–3 minutes, but since this pose isn’t very active, you won’t get tired holding it. In fact, the longer you stay, the deeper the release you’ll experience. Repeat on the other side of the body. This is an awesome pose for tuning into the body and allowing yourself to completely relax. It’s also amazing for reducing upper back and neck pain and opening tight shoulder and chest muscles. It’s the perfect release for anyone who sits at a desk or in front of the computer all day. Supine twist combined with CBD should melt away any lingering tension you’re holding onto from the day. Cat/Cow: (Marjaryasana/Bitilasana): From your position on your back, roll over and get into tabletop position on your hands and knees. Make sure your weight is placed evenly through your hands and legs and your core is engaged. Breathe deeply here for 5–10 breaths to center your energy. On your last exhale, arch your back and tuck your head towards the chest for Cat pose. On an inhale, expand your belly toward the floor, gazing up towards the sky for Cow. Complete 5–10 rounds of this Cat/Cow sequence. Cat/Cow is an incredibly beneficial posture for the mind. Not only does it increase prana (lifeforce energy in the body), but it is also excellent to help promote intentional focus. If you’re feeling at all scatterbrained (and seriously, who isn’t?), cat/cow is an excellent pose to employ. It’s also great for achieving emotional balance. Downward Dog (Adho Mukha Svanasana): From tabletop position, exhale deeply and move into downward-facing dog. Lengthen the tailbone away from the pelvis and lift your sit bones towards the sky. Stretch your heels down towards the floor and firm the outer thighs and outer arms, pressing your weight evenly through your hands and heels. Keep the head between the upper arms without letting it hang. Stay in this pose between 1–3 minutes, breathing deeply with each inhale and slowly releasing each exhale. Aside from being one of the most well-known yoga poses that exists, downward-facing dog is one of the most beneficial. Not only does it energize the body, but also helps calm the brain and can relieve stress and mild depression, much like CBD. It’s a great full body stretch that is an excellent accompaniment to practically any yoga routine.   Child’s Pose (Balasana): From downward-facing dog, allow yourself to kneel on the floor, touch your big toes together,and separate your knees about hip-width apart. Exhale and fold your upper body towards the floor to move into child’s pose. Child’s pose is a resting pose that should be held anywhere from 30 seconds to a few minutes or more. During our CBD-inspired yoga routine, we like to stay in child’s pose for about 3–5 minutes. It gives us a chance to release any lingering tension, letting it melt away with each conscious breath we take. Child’s pose is wonderful to help calm the brain, while also relieving fatigue and soothing stress. We also like to think of it as the perfect ending pose for our CBD-inspired yoga routine before we move back into Savasana. Corpse Pose (Savasana): To close our practice, we meet back in Savasana where we began. By now, the CBD has had time to work its magic. Combined with the gentle postures you just moved through, your body and mind should be feeling alive, yet completely relaxed. Allow your breathing to become quiet, smooth and free from all strain or tension. Visualize a wave of relaxing, white energy moving from the top of your head slowly down to the tips of your toes, further releasing any lingering tension you might be feeling. Let the mind become absolutely quiet and still, free from any movement or thought and simply allow yourself to be in the calm of this moment. Focus on full expansive inhalations and deep, extended exhalations with each breath you take. Remain here in this final resting pose for about 10–15 minutes, allowing yourself revel in the relaxation and stillness this CBD-inspired yoga routine offers.

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    CBD

    Marijuana Breeding

    Landrace   Landrace varieties originate from regions where cannabis plants have been growing for a very long time in the wild—centuries, or even millennia. This naturally creates stable, robust genetics that produce a homogeneous offspring. This means that the landrace strains from a particular area will develop very similar growth patterns, appearance, and chemical composition. Hindu Kush or China Yunnan are examples of pure landrace strains.   F1   F1 stands for a "first generation hybrid". When two strains with completely different genotypes breed, for example, a Master Kush with Durban Poison, their offspring will be an F1 hybrid. When this hybrid is bred together with another F1 hybrid from the same batch (a sister or a brother), it creates an F2 hybrid. When this process is repeated, it creates an F3, then F4, and so on. After F5, the plants can be considered as IBL.   IBL   IBL stands for “inbred line”, meaning that after several generations of hybridising a specific lineage, the strains become almost like a different family of strains. Skunks were hybridised and selected for their very pungent and potent nature, and after many generations, they developed into the Cheese family, which can be called an IBL.   Poly Hybrids   Poly-hybrids derive from mixing completely different hybrids with each other. For example, Master Kush and Durban Poison produce offspring called F1(A); AK-47 and White Widow produce an offspring called F1(B). When F1(A) and F1(B) have a lovechild, it will be coined as a poly-hybrid.   Back Cross   Backcrossing refers to taking a hybrid strain and breeding it back with the original parent. For example, a male Chocolope and a female Jack Herer develop an F1 hybrid. When this F1 hybrid is hybridised with the original female Jack Herer, the resulting strain will be coined as BX1. When this BX1 gets backcrossed again with the original female Jack Herer, it will be coined as BX2, and so on. The genetics of the original female strain can be retained by keeping the plant in the vegetative stage as a mother, keeping the cuttings as clones or using tissue culture propagation.   Selfing   Selfing is when a mother plant is pollinated by herself. Breeders use special chemicals on female plants to induce stress, which results in the plants producing male flowers, which produce pollen. When this pollen in used on a clone from the same mother, the resulting seeds will be “selfed” or coined as S1.   When the S1 seeds are backcrossed with the original parent, they’re called S2, S3, and so on. Breeders often do this to preserve the genetics of the strain, and to feminize the seeds.          P1-The name of the parent to which a hybrid is crossed in a backcross. (100%)
       F1- generation : The progeny produced from a cross between two parents (P1) is called First Filial or F1 generation. (50% / 50%)
       F1b- They are a first-generation backcross resulting from the cross of an F1 parent and a P parent. This is used to intensify traits found in the selected P parent. (75% / 25%)
       F2- generation : The progeny resulting from self the cross of F1 individuals is called Second Filial or F2 generation. (random% from P1 homozygous traits)
       F2b- They are second-generation backcross resulting from the cross of an F1 x F1b.
       Inbred line- (IBL) - A line produced by at least five generations of sequential inbreeding, self fertilization or backcrossing accompanied by selection within and between lines so that the individuals are considered to be homozygous, or nearly so.
       Homozygous - An individual possessing (receiving from parents) identical alleles for a trait is said to be homozygous or pure for that trait, e.g. plant with RR alleles is homozygous for the seed shape. A homozygous always breeds true for that trait.
       Heterosis- “hybrid vigor” that usually results from breeding two very different P1. The more  difference between parents, the more vigor in the offspring.
       Phenotype - The external (morphological) appearance of an individual for any trait or traits is  called the phenotype, e.g. for seeds, round shape or wrinkled shape is the phenotype
      Dominant - said of an allele which by itself alone will produce a particular phenotype regardless of which other allele may be present on the other matching chromosome of the diploid pair; thus it takes only one copy of the chromosome to cause a dominant trait to be expressed in the phenotype.
       Genome - the total genetic information possessed by an individual, a breed or a species.
       Genotype - the invisible genetic makeup of an individual organism, which includes alleles which  may be recessive and therefore have no visible physical expression.             Breeding Marijuana Yourself   If you're interested in breeding your own cannabis strain We break down all you need to know about breeding marijuana at home and how to preserve those precious clone-only genetics. Breeding cannabis and continuing a lineage in seed is not the exclusive preserve of the experts. Home growers that have acquired high-level cultivation skills and mastered the essential techniques can easily transition from grower to breeder.   Creating F1 seeds and hybrids is very doable. Most of the cannabis strains that have become legends were created by home growers. On occasion even by accident. While it might not be possible to build your own seed bank from the grow tent in the spare bedroom. Small-scale breeding is a viable option. You don’t need a masters degree in botany.    How To Preserve  Marijuana Genetics   Clones   Taking cuttings from cannabis plants is a great way to preserve a strain. Sometimes prized varieties are available in clone-only form, and the grower has little option other than continuing to take cuttings in order to preserve the genetics. Cloning is a transferable skill and even more essential to cannabis breeders than growers. You need to have a consistently high success rate with cloning as a prerequisite to breeding.   Self Seed   F1 seeds can be produced with just a female marijuana clone. These seeds carry only the genetics of the mother. In order to accomplish this, the grower must reverse the sex of a clone of the female to induce self-pollination. These seeds will be Feminized.   Some home breeders will purposefully stress the flowering female to produce a few seeds. Selfing is commonly applied to clone-only marijuana varieties to convert it to F1 seed form. although sometimes prone to hermie under stressful conditions, These seeds are Feminized as well.       SMALL SCALE BREEDING OPTIONS       Breeding From Same Pack   So, lets say you have 10 regular seeds and you want to make use of the males. You can cross Plants from the same package,  you can potentially select a very nice breeding pair to cross. This is an old school ganja farmer’s method mostly applied outdoors. Although, breeding from the same pack has potential indoors not only will the resulting progeny be fairly stable but you will have saved cash on seeds for the next rotation. Before further breeding experiments, it’s no harm to practice collecting pollen and making seeds first. Breeding from a reliable batch is a good introduction to cannabis breeding.   Polyhybrids   Continuing on from breeding from the same pack comes creating a simple hybrid. A polyhybrid is the crossing of two commercial, unrelated varieties. To begin with, this will not be entirely stable, and won’t produce genuine F1 hybrids. Results will undoubtedly be mixed. But polyhybrids are pretty vigorous and winning pheno’s can be discovered if you have the space for a larger crop to hunt them out.   Genuine F1 Hybrids   The cold truth is creating fantastically potent, productive and vigorous growing F1 hybrids is a long term process. Professional breeders invest years of their lives into breeding projects and select cultivars from hundreds if not thousands of plants.

    Genuine F1 hybrids can only be derived from crossing pedigree stabilized or landrace strains. They express genuine hybrid vigour.    Similarly, filial breeding can be complicated. Honestly, it's far too demanding for the first time home breeder. By crossing a pair of F1s (first generation) the resulting progeny is the F2 (second generation). Unfortunately, these seeds will be far less stable and far more difficult to work with than the previous F1 generation.
    Careful selective breeding in large numbers is required to succeed with this approach. Often it takes multiple generations of breeding perhaps until F5 (fifth generation) or even F6 (sixth generation) before the line can be considered stabilized.   Back Crossing   Back crossing is probably the most suitable option for a small scale home breeding project. Also, if you have a clone-only variety and are wary of stressing plants into hermies trying to produce a handful of F1 beans, back crossing has to be considered.   You first need to identify a recessive donor male or a male with a desirable trait worth adding to the progeny. The female will be retained as a mother to keep taking cuttings from.   Essentially the dominant female clone and the donor male are crossed. Furthermore, all subsequent generations will be backcrossed to a female clone from the original mother. Sometimes, 3-4 backcrosses will be required to get the required stability in the offspring.   There are quite a few ways to preserve your favorite strains, and turn them into new strains of their own.

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    Marijuana

    Smell The Difference

    A couple hits of high-THC weed, No matter the strain or name, will get you stoned. But it’s not the amount of THC that accounts for the particular properties of each strain.   Nor are the minuscule quantities of cannabidiol (CBD) or the hundred or so “minor” cannabinoids a real factor in most strains effects. With few exceptions, the THC levels are lofty, while the other cannabinoids barely register their presence, according to labs that test samples for growers and dispensaries in states where medical marijuana is legal.   So when THC levels are generally high across the board and the other cannabinoids are present only at trace levels, what makes one strain different from another? And why does each marijuana strain impart a distinct psychoactive effect? What else is in this plant that influences the quality of the marijuana high.   David Watson, the master crafter of the foundational hybrid Skunk #1, was among the first to emphasize the importance of aromatic terpenes for their modifying impact on THC. Terpenes, or terpenoids, are the compounds in marijuana that give the plant its unique smell. THC and the other cannabinoids have no odor, so marijuana’s compelling fragrance depends on which terpenes predominate. It’s the combination of terpenoids and THC that endows each strain with a specific psychoactive flavor.   In 1989, Watson and his business partner, Robert Connell Clarke, formed HortaPharm, a legally chartered, Holland-based research company that specializes in botanical science and marijuana therapeutics. Based in Amsterdam, these two American expatriates broke new ground in horticultural pharmacology as they crossed and recrossed thousands of marijuana varietals, discarding most along the way while selecting a relatively small number for further development.   How did they decide which plants made the first cut? “We smelled them,” Watson explains.   He had long suspected that the terpenes present in marijuana resin enhance the potency of THC. Ten years after launching HortaPharm, Watson tested his hypothesis in an experiment that compared the subjective effects of 100 percent THC to lesser amounts in terpene-infused marijuana resin. The consensus among Watson and several associates: Terpene-infused resin with 50 percent THC was more potent by dry weight than an equivalent amount of pure THC.   Typically, terpenes are volatile molecules that evaporate easily and readily announce themselves to the nose. Therein lies the basis of aromatherapy, a popular alternative-healing modality. Like their odorless cannabinoid cousins, terpenes are oily compounds secreted in the marijuana plant’s glandular trichomes. Terpenes and THC share a biochemical precursor, geranyl pyrophosphate, which develops into the cannabinoids and terpenoids that saturate the plant’s flower tops.   But unlike THC and the other plant cannabinoids that exist nowhere else but in marijuana, terpenes are ubiquitous throughout the natural world. Produced by countless plant species, terpenes are prevalent in fruits, vegetables, herbs, spices, and other botanicals. Terpenes are also common ingredients in the human diet and have generally been recognized as safe to consume by the US Food and Drug Administration.   Scientists have identified and characterized the molecular structure of some 20,000 terpenes, which compose the largest category of plant chemicals. These can be further broken down into mono-terpenes, diterpenes and sesquiterpenes, depending on the number of repeating units of a five-carbon molecule called isoprene, the structural hallmark of all terpenoid compounds.   Around 200 terpenes have been found in marijuana, but only a few of these odiferous oily substances appear in amounts substantial enough to be noteworthy (or nose-worthy). Also, the terpenoid profile can vary considerably from strain to strain. “The range of flavors expressed by the genus marijuana is extraordinary – no other plant on the planet can equal the cacophony of smells and tastes available from marijuana,” says DJ Short, the breeder-artisan who conjured True Blueberry from several heritage landrace strains.   The terpenes in marijuana have given the plant an enduring evolutionary advantage. Some of these essential oils are pungent enough to repel insects and animal grazers; others prevent fungus. To combat plant disease and infestation, organic pot growers spray the terpene-rich essential oils of neem and rosemary onto their crops. And terpenes, it turns out, are healthy for people as well, according to a September 2011 report by Dr. Ethan Russo in the British Journal of Pharmacology that discussed the wide-ranging therapeutic attributes of terpenoids, including several aromatic compounds that figure prominently in marijuana strains.   Alpha-pinene (essential pine oil), the most common terpene in the plant world and one often found in marijuana, is a bronchodilator potentially helpful for asthmatics. Pinene also promotes alertness and memory retention by inhibiting the metabolic breakdown of acetylcholinesterase, a neurotransmitter in the brain that stimulates these cognitive effects.   Myrcene, another terpene present in numerous marijuana varietals, is a sedative, a muscle relaxant, a hypnotic, an analgesic (painkiller) and an anti-inflammatory compound. This musky terpene contributes mightily to the infamous “couch-lock” experience, Russo maintains.
      Limonene, a major terpene in citrus as well as in marijuana, has been used clinically to dissolve gallstones, improve mood and relieve heartburn and gastrointestinal reflux. Limonene, an anticonvulsant, has been shown to destroy breast-cancer cells in lab experiments, and its powerful antimicrobial action can kill pathogenic bacteria. (Lemon Kush, anyone?)

      Linalool, a terpenoid prominent in lavender as well as in some marijuana strains, is an anxiolytic compound that counters anxiety and mediates stress. In addition, linalool is a strong anticonvulsant, and it also amplifies serotonin-receptor transmission, conferring an antidepressant effect. Applied topically, linalool can heal acne and skin burns without scarring.   Beta-caryophyllene is a sesquiterpene found in the essential oils of black pepper, oregano and other edible herbs, as well as in marijuana and many green, leafy vegetables. It is gastro-protective, good for treating certain ulcers, and shows great promise as a therapeutic compound for inflammatory conditions and autoimmune disorders because of its ability to bind directly to the peripheral cannabinoid receptor known as CB2.

        THC also activates the CB2 receptor, which regulates immune function and the peripheral nervous system. But this is not the reason people feel stoned when they smoke marijuana; instead, what causes the high is THC binding to the CB1 receptor, which is concentrated in the brain and the central nervous system.   Stimulating the CB2 receptor doesn’t have a psychoactive effect because CB2 receptors are localized predominantly outside the brain and central nervous system. CB2 receptors are present in the gut, spleen, liver, heart, kidneys, bones, blood vessels, lymph cells, endocrine glands, and reproductive organs. Marijuana is such a versatile medicinal substance because it acts everywhere, not just in the brain.   In 2008, the Swiss scientist Jürg Gertsch documented beta-caryophyllene’s binding affinity for the CB2 receptor and described it as “a dietary cannabinoid.” It is the only terpenoid known to directly activate a cannabinoid receptor (which is one of the reasons why green, leafy vegetables are very healthy for people to eat). The dual status of beta-caryophyllene as a terpenoid and a CB2 activator underscores the synergistic interplay between various components of the marijuana plant. There are over 400 chemical compounds in marijuana, including cannabinoids, terpenoids and flavonoids (which give fruit skin its color). Each has specific medicinal attributes, which combine to create a holistic “entourage effect,” so that the therapeutic impact of the whole plant is greater than the sum of its parts.   Certain terpenoids dilate capillaries in the lungs, enabling smoked or vaporized THC to enter the bloodstream more easily. Nerolidol, a sedative terpenoid, is a skin penetrant that increases permeability and potentially facilitates cannabinoid absorption when applied topically for pain or skin conditions. Terpenoids and cannabinoids both increase blood flow, enhance cortical activity and kill respiratory pathogens – including MSRA, the antibiotic-resistant bacteria that in recent years has claimed the lives of tens of thousands of Americans. Dr. Russo’s article reports that cannabinoid-terpenoid interactions “could produce synergy with respect to treatment of pain, inflammation, depression, anxiety, addiction, epilepsy, cancer, fungal, and bacterial infections.”   Marijuana’s bouquet of terpenes – that “riot of perfumes,” as the poet (and hashish eater) Arthur Rimbaud once said – plays another important role: Terpenes buffer THC’s tricky psychoactivity. Cannabinoid terpenoid interactions can amplify the beneficial effects of marijuana while reducing THC-induced anxiety.   Some people can’t handle THC dominant marijuana, while others enjoy the relaxed intensity of the marijuana high. But few would willingly choose Marinol, the pure synthetic-THC pill, rather than organically grown backyard bud with its tangy, antioxidant-rich mixture of cannabinoids, terpenoids and flavonoids.   Marinol, legally available as a Schedule III substance, comes on like gangbusters and can make even the most seasoned stoner feel a bit too loopy. For nearly everyone who has tried both, the experience of THC alone compares poorly to that of THC combined with terpenes and other components of the marijuana plant.   In the summer of 2011, the Werc Shop in Los Angeles emerged as the first lab to test marijuana strains for terpenes. Since it began providing this service to the medical marijuana community, the Werc Shop has analyzed more than 2,000 bud samples for terpene content. Its analysis has occasionally revealed strains with different names but identical terpene content.   “A terpene analysis is like a fingerprint,” explains the Werc Shop’s president, Jeff Raber. “It can tell you if it’s the same strain under different names. We can see strains going by different names that have the same terpene profile. We now know those strains are identical.”   Terpene testing has enabled the Werc Shop to identify when strains have been misnamed. “We’ve seen a dozen of samples of Trainwreck, for example, that have a consistent terpene profile,” Raber says. “And then we examine some bud purporting to be Trainwreck, but with a terpene content that differs markedly from what we know is Trainwreck. By testing for terpenes, we can often verify if the strain is what the grower or provider says it is.”   It may be possible, via terpenoid and cannabinoid analysis, to investigate and verify the genetic lineage of various strains. Though a great deal of research would be required, one might even be able to construct something akin to a marijuana family tree.   The Werc Shop has also tested numerous marijuana extracts for their terpene content. But Raber found that the oil-extraction process, if it involves heating the plant matter, typically destroys the terpenes, which evaporate at much lower temperatures than THC.   Various extraction methods have their pros and cons. Using hexane or another toxic solvent to extract marijuana oil can leave poisonous residues behind. Critical CO2 extraction, while cleaner, requires expensive, sophisticated equipment and technical expertise. In either case, the extract maker may have to add the terpenes back into the oil concentrate in order to maximize the plant’s therapeutic potential.   In the future, when the herb is legal nationwide, it should be possible to access strain-specific marijuana oils, as well as made-to-order marijuana extracts with a full array of terpenes artfully tailored to meet the needs and desires of individual users.

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    Marijuana 2

    Ways to measure and estimate yield

    4 Ways To Measure Yield of Marijuana      1 Grams of dried product per a square foot of canopy:   The industry benchmark, this formula allows you to get the most basic measure of your yield. Your square footage is simply the length of your canopy coverage multiplied by its width. Divide your total dried product weight by the square footage, and you will get your yield per square foot. Formula: Total dried product weight ÷ Square footage of canopy = Yield per square foot The bigger the number, the better the yield. It’s not the most accurate measure, as it doesn’t account for cycles per year – someone could have a tremendous yield/sq. ft., but if they are only turning two cycles/year, they are likely not producing as much as someone with a lower yield/sq. ft. who turns six cycles/year. Still, it is the most commonly used measure to compare crop yields. 2 Grams of dried product per a cubic foot of canopy: To calculate your canopy in cubic feet, simply multiply your square footage (from metric #1 above) by your canopy height. To calculate your yield, divide your total grams of dried product by your cubic footage. Formula: Total dried product weight ÷ Cubic footage of canopy = Yield per cubic foot This formula takes into consideration canopy height, which can greatly impact results compared to calculating yield with square footage only, especially if you are cultivating using vertical farming. 3 Grams of dried product per a watt of light: This formula allows you to calculate your yield relative to your total light power. To calculate, simply divide your dry weight by your lamp wattage. Formula: Total dried product weight ÷ Total lamp wattage = Yield per watt of light For example, if you’re using two 600W lamps (1200W total) and produced 1,020 grams of dry product, your calculation would be 1020g/1200W = 0.85g/W. This formula allows you to measure your yield relative to your lamp strength, and can account for energy efficiency (or inefficiency) for different lighting sources. IE: CFL bulbs while being low power consumers are not actually that efficient.  4 Grams of dried product per a kilowatt-hour: This is the industry standard measure that allows you to calculate your energy costs over your yield. To do this, you first need to calculate your daily energy usage: Multiply your total wattage by the number of light operating hours in a day. Formula for total daily energy usage: Total light wattage x light operating hours per day = Total wattage hours For example, if you’re using two 600W lamps on a daily, 12-hour cycle, your daily energy use will be 1200W x 12hours = 14,400 watt hours (Wh). Divide that by 1,000 (since 1,000W equals 1kW) to get your kilowatt hours (kWh) per day. Formula for kilowatt hours: Watt hours ÷ 1,000 = kWh Then, multiply your kilowatt hours per day by the number of days your canopy has spent under lights. Formula for kWh/cycle: kWh per day x number of days under lights = kWh/cycle For example, using the above figures of 14,400Wh, or 14.4kWh, and if your cycle is 75 days, your formula would be: 14.4kWh x 75 days = 1080kWh used during your entire cycle. Next, divide your yield in grams by your total kWh. Formula for yield/kWh: Total dried product weight ÷ kWh/cycle = Yield per kWh This measure will allow you to easily compare your yield relative to your energy costs, making it a useful tool to compare various lighting systems.     How To estimate Yield:   There really is not a good way to estimate yields, there are so many factors going into a grow that its very hard to tell someone how much MJ they can grow in a given area. GPW (Grams Per Watt) Is still my favorite estimate as most yield will come down to light available.   For example I can veg my plants for 20 weeks and use 50 gallon planters but if I only have 600 watts that is going to be limiting factor on how much Marijuana my plants will produce.             Grams Per Watt-   Take your wattage total of lighting and assume a return of 1 gram of wet material for every watt of lighting used. 400 watt lamp = 400 grams of wet weight    Soil- Ounce Per Gallon Per weeks of vegetative growth-    5 gallon pot with 5 week vegetative growth = 5 ounces        

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    Marijuana

    How can I Benefit from using Marijuana?

    General Health Benefits of Marijuana                   1. It Can Help You Lose Weight   If you’re an avid Green Flower reader, then you’re already aware that marijuana users have been shown to be slimmer, on average, than non-users. That’s because marijuana helps the body regulate insulin production, and manage caloric intake more efficiently.   2. It Can Regulate and Prevent Diabetes   Because marijuana helps regulate body weight, it only makes sense that it would help prevent and regulate Diabetes. Again, you can thank the herb’s ability to regulate insulin production for this medical breakthrough.   3. It Fights Cancer   This is the big one that everybody’s been talking about. Both scientists and the federal government have released a good amount of evidence showing that cannabinoids fight certain types of cancer. It doesn’t get much more substantial than that.   4. It Can Help Depression   Research is important, but so are the voices and smiles of those whom marijuana actually helps! Depression is one of the more widespread, yet least talked about medical conditions in America. And research is showing that marijuana can help treat it.   “Using compounds derived from marijuana — marijuana — to restore normal endocannabinoid function could potentially help stabilize moods and ease depression,” said Samir Haj-Dahmane, who is spearheading the research at Buffalo University – research that is only just now beginning to ramp up.   5. It’s Showing Promise in Treating Autism   Like many other high-profile disorders, autism may be a prime target for marijuana-based treatments. Science is digging into it, but in the meantime, some parents are using it to help manage violent mood swings in autistic children.   6. It Provides a Safer Alternative to Drugs and Alcohol   marijuana can be harmful if you use it irresponsibly, but it’s nowhere near as destructive as alcohol for example. With wider availability, marijuana can and will become a substance of choice – and likely save a lot of lives (and livers) in the process.   7. It Helps Regulate Seizures   Using medical marijuana to regulate seizures is another one of the more high-profile findings coming out of medical science. For folks with disorders like Epilepsy, marijuana is showing immense promise.   8. It Can Help Broken Bones Heal Faster     Science shows us how CBD can help broken bones grow back faster and stronger. Can you believe that marijuana can actually mend broken bones? It’s true, as CBD evidently reacts chemically with collagen, spurring along the healing process. Another very exciting find.   9. It’s a Treatment for ADHD   For those with serious trouble concentrating, or who have children suffering from ADD or ADHD, marijuana might be the treatment you’ve been waiting for. It’s safer and more effective than medications like Ritalin or Adderall.   10. It Can Help Treat Serious Addictions   We already mentioned that marijuana can be a viable, safer alternative to substances like alcohol and tobacco, but did you know that it can also be used as a treatment for addictions to these substances, and more? Individuals addicted to serious drugs like heroin, opiates, and cocaine, are showing promise in ridding themselves of their addictions through marijuana therapy.   11. It Treats Glaucoma   One of the first big medical issue that marijuana was shown to effectively treat is Glaucoma. Ingesting marijuana helps lower the pressure in the eyeball, giving patients at least temporary relief.   12. It Can Improve Lung Health   You probably never saw this one coming – especially since pot is commonly associated with smoking, and smoking with chronic lung problems. But some conditions, including lung cancer and Emphysema, have been shown to regress when marijuana is thrown into the mix.   13. It Helps Anxiety   Be careful. Too much marijuana can make your anxiety worse. Fact: marijuana can actually cause anxiety but there are ways to potentially avoid that. And it’s also true that for many people, marijuana can help alleviate anxiety disorders.   14. It Can Slow the Development of Alzheimer’s Disease   Cognitive degeneration is pretty much unavoidable as we age, and Alzheimer’s disease falls under that umbrella. The good news is that studies are showing marijuana can stop the progression of Alzheimer’s, which may lead to longer, richer lives for millions.   15. It Helps M.S. Patients   marijuana helps alleviate many of the symptoms associated with Multiple Sclerosis, most notably the tremors, spasms, and pain.     16. It Can Control Muscle Spasms   We’ve mentioned M.S. and seizures, but general muscle spasms are an ailment that affect millions. marijuana can help calm those muscles, stop them from twitching, and deal with the pain associated with spasms.   17. It Helps Individuals with Eating Disorders   A common use for medical marijuana is to help regulate eating patterns. Whether you eat too much, or too little, marijuana can help. This is especially helpful for people suffering from disorders like Bulimia and Anorexia.   18. It Treats Arthritis   Another common ailment that marijuana is used to treat is arthritis. The THC and CBD – as well as other cannabinoids – help sufferers deal with the pain, especially when using quality marijuana creams and balms.   19. It’s Helpful for Those with PTSD   With so many veterans in need of effective treatments for PTSD after the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the discovery that marijuana is a viable option is fantastic news. Now, the trick is to get the VA and doctors to actually prescribe it And of course not all PTSD is combat-related. All sorts of traumatic experiences can put that fight-or-flight response into overdrive, and marijuana is the only medication to address that.     20. It Can Help Regulate Your Metabolism   We touched on how marijuana helps your body process and deal with food, and obesity. This plays into how it also helps maintain and regulate your metabolism. That not only means sticking to an ideal weight level but generally being healthier and happier!   21. It Can Help People with AIDS/HIV   marijuana can’t directly cure the AIDS virus, but it can and does help those living with it cope. Specifically, marijuana helps those living with AIDS/HIV maintain their diets and handle associated pains and aches.   22. It’s Effective for Treating Nausea   Next up on our list of marijuana facts: nausea. This is a relatively common feeling, and one that is brought on by any number of things. Some people live with constant bouts on a daily basis, and as you can imagine, it can be debilitating. How does marijuana come into the picture? Chemical compounds in marijuana react with brain receptors to regulate feelings of nausea. This is a particular boon for chemotherapy patients (see #27).   23. It’s an Alternative Treatment for Headaches   You know you could potentially treat that headache with a non-psychoactive marijuana product? Lots of people experience headaches every day, and taking the typical medicines – be it acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil) – can take its toll on your body, leading to ulcers, liver damage, and other complications. marijuana offers a natural alternative, and one that won’t chew threw your stomach lining.   24. It Can Treat Certain STDs   It’s true – marijuana has been found to be at least somewhat effective in the treatment of a handful of sexually transmitted diseases, including herpes and chlamydia.   25. It Will Help with Speech Problems   If you, or someone you know, has an issue with stuttering, marijuana can help. Research is by and large still lacking, but in the same way that marijuana helps calm spasms and twitches, those with speech problems can potentially benefit from its effects.   26. It Can Improve Skin Conditions   Who would’ve thought that marijuana could be a viable treatment option for skin conditions like eczema? The only issue? Smoking won’t do much good, as smoking actually harms your skin. A quality marijuana topical, on the other hand, can do wonders.   27. It Can Help You Get Through Chemotherapy   This is another extremely popular use for medical marijuana. Those suffering from cancers and its treatments – like chemotherapy – have found comfort in marijuana’s soothing effects.   28. It Regulates Obsessive Compulsive Disorder   Those living with OCD can also use marijuana as a treatment option. CBD, which effectively regulates anxiety to some extent, is the main active ingredient which helps those with OCD get a handle on the disorder – and live more functional lives.   29. It Will Calm Asthma Attacks   You probably never saw this one coming. marijuana and asthma? They’re apparently compatible, or so says science. Again, it has to do with cannabinoid receptors which help control coughing fits as well as the herb’s ability to act as a bronchodilator. Smoking is obviously not the best method of delivery here, as that will likely only make things worse.   30. It Can Replace Viagra for Some Men   How about a natural cure for erectile dysfunction? This is another one of the many benefits of marijuana. No more hiding that Viagra in the back of the medicine cabinet, merely stick to marijuana. The research is ongoing, but there is evidence that marijuana can help men overcome this frustrating issue.   31. It Can Lower Your Blood Pressure   Smoking and low blood pressure are rarely synonymous. Thankfully there are several other ways to ingest marijuana, which can help with hypertension and other blood pressure issues. Although if you have serious heart issues, caution is advised because we still have a lot to learn about marijuana and the heart.   32. It’ll Calm Your Panic Attacks   As mentioned, calming anxiety is one of marijuana’s more sought-after effects. As a result, it can help people control panic attacks. Of course, it’ll depend on several physical factors, and what specific strains you use.   33. It Can Be Used as a Food Source   Despite the fact that marijuana is hard to find at your local grocery store, throughout history, it’s been a dietary staple for many civilizations. Hemp has often been cultivated as a source of protein, and even today is used to create protein powders, or seeds can be purchased for consumption. On a large production scale, hemp can feed a lot of hungry people if prohibitive laws are overturned.   34. It Makes for an Attractive Investment   Want to make green, from green? Lots of venture capitalists are starting to see the explosive potential in the marijuana industry, and as a result, are dumping money into marijuana-based startups and businesses. marijuana capital summits are even popping up, attracting investors and entrepreneurs.   35. It Can Help Fight Climate Change     If we are able to get large-scale marijuana farms into production, it could help curb emissions, and fight climate change. This would happen through a number of ways, from providing more carbon-absorbing plants across vast farmlands, to trading off emission-producing animal farms for greener, cleaner marijuana grows.   36. It Creates Jobs   The creation of literally tens of thousands of jobs in the wake of legalization in places like Colorado and Washington is hard to ignore. And in an economy that has been in slow-recovery mode since 2009, looking at any opportunity to add more jobs can’t be overlooked.   37. It Generates Revenue for Schools and Public Health Programs   More money for schools is a great thing. Instead of having money funnel into the hands of low-level street dealers, or even cartels on the other side of the border, legal marijuana markets are putting money to work in local communities through tax revenue. Marijuana is now supplying millions to schools and public health programs, among other things.   38. Legalizing marijuana is Getting People Out of Jail   A big point of contention in the U.S. recently has been the large rate of incarceration, and the amount of money flowing to the prison industrial complex. Legalization is clearing out prisons, and freeing up time and resources for law enforcement.   39. It’s Creating New Industries   We mentioned that marijuana is creating a lot of jobs, and that’s because it’s creating new industries which house them. Cultivation, processing, sales outlets – there are numerous facets to the marijuana industry, and as legalization spreads, it’ll continue to grow.   40. It Lowers Crime Rates   Yes, making a previously illegal product legal lowers the crime rate – but it goes deeper than that. Numbers show that states in post-legalization status are seeing drops in crime, and perhaps most importantly, violent crime.   41. It Leads to Safer Roads   Traffic deaths have gone down in Colorado after legalization, which is fantastic news. This could be due to the substitution effect, people choosing pot over alcohol.   42. It Makes Law Enforcement Cheaper and Easier   Law authorities shouldn't waste their time with marijuana. Why would they? In legalized states, police no longer need to spend time chasing marijuana offenders, which also clears up the courtrooms for more serious cases. This makes things easier for everybody, and cheaper for the tax payers.   43. It Can Keep Your Pets Healthy   marijuana, in some forms, can make for a healthy supplement for your pets. And for animals that are sick, or living with chronic pain, marijuana-based treats can offer some relief.   44. It Can Help You Have More Pleasant Dreams   Plagued by bad dreams? Try marijuana before you hit the sack, and see if it makes a difference. For some people, it’s doing the trick. For others, particularly those with PTSD, it can also eliminate dreams completely. The reason, it turns out, is that marijuana impacts REM sleep – the part of the cycle during which you dream.   45. It Can Bring Your Energy Levels up   A lot of people are tired. But a small subset of individuals suffer from Chronic Fatigue Syndrome – a disorder that is effectively treated with certain marijuana compounds and strains. Just make sure you’re picking the right ones if you want to avoid fatigue.   46. It’ll Help You Sleep   On the flip side, you can use marijuana to help you get to sleep. Again, though, it’ll depend on what specific strains you’re using, and your physical and psychological makeup. You may have to experiment a bit to get the desired effect.   47. It Can Help You Get Through the Work Day   A lot of people use marijuana to enhance productivity. Too much though could have the opposite effect. No matter what kind of job you have, marijuana can probably give you a boost in some way – be it mentally or physically. If you do decide to experiment with marijuana at work, be careful not to let things get out of hand. Be mindful of what works and what doesn’t.   48. It Can Make You More Productive   If you can get your marijuana regimen just right, productivity could increase significantly. For a lot of people that may be due to the medical benefits gained from marijuana, or the inspiration, or simply because they’re happier. On the other hand, productivity can also take a complete nosedive if you’re not careful.   49. It Could Make You More Creative   Surprise, surprise – marijuana can help you be more creative. There’s still some debate as to how or why this happens, but marijuana does inspire lateral and divergent thinking, an important mindset for innovation and progress.   50. It Can Protect Your Brain   marijuana as a brain protector? It’s true. Scientists are finding that chemical compounds found in marijuana actually help protect our brains.

    PureGro1
    PureGro1
    Marijuana
  • Cooking with Ganja - a complete guide

    Hey everyone,   Thought this may be useful for those who enjoy cooking with ganja but may have never tried it. In this topic over the coming weeks/months, I'll be pasting useful detail split into the following categories:   1. Weights and measures 2. Oven temperatures 3. Introduction 4. Things you'll need to make these recipes 5. Basic prep 6. A guide to eating amounts 7. Recipes - Sweet things 8. Recipes - Drinks 9. Recipes - Savoury 10. Recipes - For the Vegan 11 Recipes - Microwave magic 12. Recipes - Dinner parties   I don't have any pictures to paste here I'm afraid but if anyone makes any of the recipes you will find here, then please add your pics! 

    Shiva
    Shiva
    Cooking With Marijuana 29

    Edibles for Christmas

    Pleaseeee advise some cannabis edibles to cook for Christmas!

    Amywilson
    Amywilson
    Cooking With Marijuana 10

    Firecracker recipe

    Ingredients and equipment
     
    First of all, you will need about half a gram of weed for each cracker you will make. Figure out how many crackers you expect to make and acquire the right amount of weed accordingly. Secondly, you will need Ritz crackers, Saltine crackers, Jacobs crackers, or some other similar type of cracker that go well with peanut butter.
     
    Now for the peanut butter: you should make sure that it is a type of peanut butter that has plenty of peanut oil. It should be non-hydrogenated as well. Unfortunately, Jif and Skippy brands of peanut butter do not have enough peanut oil in them — and that means they won’t work for this recipe. Go for another brand. You can also use Nutella or a chocolate spread instead of peanut butter if you prefer. Crunchy peanut butter is also perfectly fine to use.
     
    Next, you will need an item to mix together your peanut butter and the marijuana. This should be something small, like a toothpick. You should also have scissors of some sort or else a coffee grinder on hand to cut up the marijuana with. Make sure there’s enough tin foil to cover and store the crackers when they’re done. Finally, you will also need an oven.
     
    How to make firecrackers
     
    First, you will need to bake your marijuana. Preheat the oven to 250 degrees Fahrenheit. While you wait for it to heat up, take scissors and cut up the marijuana into tiny pieces. A coffee grinder will also do the job thoroughly and quickly; the finer the pieces of marijuana, the better it will work for your weed peanut butter crackers.
     
    Once the oven is ready, you can put your marijuana inside a tin foil bowl of sorts to hold the marijuana. Leave it in for about a quarter of an hour, then check on the weed. If it is extremely powdery or dusty, they have been baked for the perfect amount.
     
    Baking your marijuana is a highly important part of creating a weed firecracker. The reason for this is that it needs to be decarboxylated. Decarboxylation means that the THCA turns into THC. This can only occur when the marijuana is dried out enough — this drying process is accomplished through baking the weed. This process automatically happens when you smoke or vaporize marijuana since it is heated up enough for the decarboxylation process to take place. If you forget to bake your marijuana, you won’t feel a thing from your peanut butter pot cookies, so be sure not to forget.
     
    The next thing you should do is turn up the oven to approximately 300 degrees Fahrenheit, then wait for ten to fifteen minutes. Put a thick layer peanut butter (regular peanut butter without any weed yet) on both sides of each cracker (up to a centimeter). Then take your freshly baked marijuana and sprinkle it on half of the peanut butter crackers. Leave the other half for sandwiching it later.
     
    Take your toothpick or other mixing tool and mix the peanut butter with the marijuana, doing so as thoroughly as possible on top of the cracker. You want as much weed as you can to touch peanut butter. When you’re done with that, sandwich the crackers together and wrap them up in tin foil.
     
    Place the wrapped up peanut butter weed crackers onto a cookie sheet and into the oven and bake them for 20 minutes. Once the twenty minutes have passed, up the heat level to about 350 degrees Fahrenheit and leave it for another two minutes. Remove the freshly baked weed peanut butter cookies from the oven and set them to the side until they have cooled off. Now you are free to enjoy your delicious marijuana firecrackers!
     
    Original source: http://www.ilovegrowingmarijuana.com/firecracker-recipe/

    pSmith
    pSmith
    Cooking With Marijuana 4
  • DIY Hash Oil and Concentrates

    Hello everyone
    I would like to show you a new system for making hash oil and marijuana concentrates at home. It is called OilXGreen (www.oilxgreen.net) and costs less than $200. It uses Pentane as a solvent. Pentane works well for extracting THC as it extracts only the desired components. No need to winterize or remove waxes. Check out the video to see just how easy it is to create hash oil and other extracts at home.

    OilXGreen
    OilXGreen
    DIY 10

    Automate your humidifier for grows/drying

    Hey guys!  I picked up a few tricks since I've been away and this one is among my favorites.  I made it to eliminate my stress during drying, but it also works well during your grow.  All you really need to set is the minimum humidity level you want to maintain.  I keep it at 60 for both grows and drying.  You can use a cheaper DHT11 sensor, but the 22 is more accurate.  Be safe, and do not attempt this if you can't protect yourself from fire and or electrocution!  I recommend painting the clear plastic tank (if your humidifier has one) white until no light shine through it.  I also add a couple drops of bleach to the tank every other time I fill it up.  Place the humidifier near/behind your fans to keep the mist from hitting the sensor and triggering the unit off.  This little mod has saved me many many many many gray hairs come dry/curing time.  THIS DOES REQUIRE SOLDERING!   How it works:  When your humidity drops below your desired level, it will turn the humidifier on automagically until it reaches +5% your minimum setting, at which point, it will turn off and wait for it to drop again.  Pretty straight forward.  I put a lot of comments in the code.  I've run this for a few years now, and it's rock solid and fully tested.  I should probably draw a wiring diagram, but everything is available on the 'net.   Parts:  Humidifier  -- I used a vicks from walmart, about 20 bucks. DHT22 sensor -- $5 I think? 4.7K ohm resisitor -- for the sensor.   Arduino -- I used the smallest one I could find.  https://www.gearbest.com/boards-shields/pp_226799.html?wid=1433363  .. $7 Arduino relay -- just a single relay.  less than $2 5v regulated AC adapter -- amazon that shit.  10 bucks. A few jumper wires   HOWTO: 1.  Program the arduino using the code below. 2.  Connect the power and sensor pin on the DHT22 with a 4.7K resistor (solder it) 3.  Solder your sensor wire and its power pins to the board.  Give your sensor 6" or so of wire. 4.  Solder your relay control wire and power pins to the board. 5.  Tuck it all inside the base of your humidifier.  Use some hot glue to keep it from shaking about.  Route the sensor outside the unit. 6. Splice the humidifiers AC neutral wire over to your AC adapter. 7.  Cut the AC hot wire 6" from where it ends up (usually a switch on the front of the unit) and route it over to your Normally Open terminal on the relay.  Splice the hot wire to power your adapter and connect the other to your Common terminal on the relay. 8. Enjoy.  If you've done it properly, everything but the sensor is hidden in the base.   /* Beekers Smart Humidifier v1 */ #include <DHT.h>  // sensor library
    #define HUMIDIFIER 10 // pin number for humidifier relay
    #define DHTPIN 11 // sensor pin number
    #define DHTTYPE DHT22  // sensor type
    #define minHumidity 60  // minimum humidity  -- set this to whatever you need. byte humidity = 0;
    byte minH = minHumidity;
    byte lowHumidityState = LOW;
    unsigned long previousMillisSensors = 0;
    DHT dht(DHTPIN, DHTTYPE); void setup(){
      pinMode(HUMIDIFIER, OUTPUT);
      digitalWrite(HUMIDIFIER, HIGH);
      dht.begin();
    } void loop(){
      unsigned long currentMillis = millis();
      if (currentMillis - previousMillisSensors >= 2000){  // check sensor every 2 seconds
        humidity = dht.readHumidity();  // read humidity
        previousMillisSensors = currentMillis;
      }
      if (humidity < minH){  // check recorded humidity
        lowHumidityState = HIGH;  // if it's low, trigger lowHumidityState
      }
      else{  //  if it is not below set level
        lowHumidityState = LOW; //  turn off lowHumidityState
      }
      if (lowHumidityState == HIGH){  // if lowHumidityState is true 
        digitalWrite(HUMIDIFIER, LOW); // turn on the humidfier
        minH = minHumidity + 5; // and raise the minimum humidity level 5%
      }
      else{  // if lowHumidityState is false
        digitalWrite(HUMIDIFIER, HIGH); // turn off the humidifier
        minH = minHumidity;  // and set minimum humidity to desired level
      }
    }

    Zombeek
    Zombeek
    DIY 9

    Arduino 2 lamp and fan controller

    This one is sort of a PITA because I never did add in a switch to flip between photoperiods easily.  I have to edit the code and re-upload it.  however, since I use an arduino micro and plug it into a breadboard, it's pretty easy to remove and bring it over to the PC.   How it works: You set what time you want your lights to turn on and off and when it's time to turn them on, it will start the first lamp, then the lamp cooling fan in 5 seconds, then 10 seconds after the first lamp fires, the 2nd lamp starts.  The exhaust fan/canopy fan starts after 30 seconds of lights on.  Everything is staggered so it doesn't slam your breaker and trip it.  When it's time to turn off, both lamps go off along with the room exhaust/canopy fans while the lamp cooling fan continues for another 10 mins to cool the bulbs.  If the controller is turned on during a time when your lamps would normally be on, it goes into a protection mode and turns the lamp cooling fan on for 10 mins before starting the lamps.  This is to avoid a hot bulb restart in the case of a brown-out that resets the controller.   The only soldering needed is for the AC adapter, so this one is a bit easier to put together than the humidifier controller.  I use breadboard wires to connect everything.   Parts: Arduino micro --  Like this: https://www.gearbest.com/sensors/pp_729019.html?wid=1433363  NOTE:  whichever arduino you use, make sure it has a 3.3v ouput pin for the RTC RTC  -- arduino real time clock. 2 double relays  -- 4 relays in total 5v regulated AC adapter   3 single plug outlets, 1 double outlet, electrical boxes, some wiring for it all.  The double outlet is for your carbon filtered room exhaust and canopy fan (if you use one).   Build notes:  it all goes together quite easily.  I installed the AC adapter inside the electrical box behind the outlets.  I used 2 boxes and a second 5v adapter so I could have the lamps on a 220V line, but you could use just 1 box if you wanted.  Just be sure to label those 220V sockets if you don't change the plug type!!! The arduino and relays are attached to the outside of the box so everything stays together.  Power them directly with the AC adapter, not the arduino.  I think it might have just enough power to do it, but it would be right at the limits with 4 of them.  Wiring diagrams are all online for each component.  You'll also have to program the RTC with the correct time.  That code is quite common and will come with the library files you download.  I've used this code for several years now, so it's well tested and bulletproof.  Enjoy!   Code:   /* Beekers Lamp Controller v1.0.1   *
     * 5 sec lamp fan delay
     * 10 sec lamp2 delay
     * 30 sec exhaust fan delay
     * 10 min lamp fan lights out cooldown
     * 10 min lamp fan reset cooldown
     */ #include <MD_DS3231.h>
    #include <Wire.h> #define lightsOnTime 21 // 9pm
    #define lightsOffTime 9 // 9am #define LAMP1 9
    #define LAMP2 10
    #define LAMP_FAN 11
    #define EXHAUST_FAN 12 byte lightsOnState = LOW;
    byte lampFanState = LOW;
    byte lamp1State = LOW;
    byte lamp2State = LOW;
    byte lampResetCoolState = LOW;
    unsigned long previousMillisLampResetCool = 0;
    unsigned long previousMillisLampCoolDown = 0;
    unsigned long previousMillisLamp2OnDelay = 0;
    unsigned long previousMillisExhaustOnDelay = 0;
    unsigned long previousMillisLampFanOnDelay = 0; void setup(){
      pinMode(LAMP1, OUTPUT);
      digitalWrite(LAMP1, HIGH);
      pinMode(LAMP2, OUTPUT);
      digitalWrite(LAMP2, HIGH);
      pinMode(LAMP_FAN, OUTPUT);
      digitalWrite(LAMP_FAN, HIGH);
      pinMode(EXHAUST_FAN, OUTPUT);
      digitalWrite(EXHAUST_FAN, HIGH);
      RTC.readTime();
      if ((RTC.h) >= lightsOnTime || (RTC.h) < lightsOffTime){
        lampResetCoolState = HIGH;
      }
    } void loop(){
      RTC.readTime();
      unsigned long currentMillis = millis();
    // Lamp Control
      if ((RTC.h) >= lightsOnTime && lampResetCoolState == LOW || (RTC.h) < lightsOffTime && lampResetCoolState == LOW){
        lightsOnState = HIGH;
      }
      else{
        lightsOnState = LOW;
      }
      if (lightsOnState == HIGH && lamp1State == LOW){
        digitalWrite(LAMP1, LOW);
        lamp1State = HIGH;
        previousMillisLamp2OnDelay = currentMillis;
        previousMillisLampFanOnDelay = currentMillis;
        previousMillisExhaustOnDelay = currentMillis;
      }
      if (lightsOnState == HIGH && lamp1State == HIGH && lamp2State == LOW && currentMillis - previousMillisLamp2OnDelay >= 10000){ // 10 sec
        digitalWrite(LAMP2, LOW);
        lamp2State = HIGH;
      }
      if (lightsOnState == LOW && lamp1State == HIGH && lamp2State == HIGH){
        digitalWrite(LAMP1, HIGH);
        lamp1State = LOW;
        digitalWrite(LAMP2, HIGH);
        lamp2State = LOW;
        previousMillisLampCoolDown = currentMillis;
      } // Lamp Cooling Fan
      if (lamp1State == HIGH && lampFanState == LOW && (currentMillis - previousMillisLampFanOnDelay > 5000)){ // 5 sec
        digitalWrite(LAMP_FAN, LOW);
        lampFanState = HIGH;
      }
      if (lamp1State == LOW && lampFanState == HIGH && (currentMillis - previousMillisLampCoolDown > 600000)){  // 10 mins
        digitalWrite(LAMP_FAN, HIGH);
        lampFanState = LOW;
      }
      if (lampResetCoolState == HIGH){
        digitalWrite(LAMP_FAN, LOW);
        lampFanState = HIGH;
      }
      if (lampResetCoolState == HIGH && lampFanState == HIGH && currentMillis - previousMillisLampResetCool > 600000){ // 10 mins
        lampResetCoolState = LOW;
      }
    // Exhaust Fan
      if (lamp1State == HIGH && (currentMillis - previousMillisExhaustOnDelay > 30000)){ // 30 sec delay
        digitalWrite(EXHAUST_FAN, LOW);
      }
      else{
        digitalWrite(EXHAUST_FAN, HIGH);
      }
    }
     

    Zombeek
    Zombeek
    DIY 1
  • Stoner Quotes

    it is stupid .. therefore I like it

    Darkwon  

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