Everyone who has ever grown a Marijuana plant has started just like yourself, Wondering how to begin? What information must be possessed to make my dreams of green come true?
the first thing to think about is WHERE are you going to grow your Marijuana plant(s)?
You need to consider if your area will get enough light? do you need to protect it from deer or other wildlife? do you need to keep it hidden? How you will deliver water and nutrients to your plants? What is the soil like, is it sandy? is it rocky? are there a lot of roots? You may also consider growing in large planters above the ground such as These:
These allow a capillary action with the ground and form much better root systems than plastic pots, You can get them from 1gal up to 50? gal. The major advantage here is you can choose your own soil, using a super soil on the bottom 1/3-1/2 may allow you to not need any nutrients through harvest. See this link for more on soil mixes and brands- Soil Tutorials
There is more to consider for an indoor grow, But again the first question we must ask ourselves is WHERE?
But you will still need an indoor area to allow for adequate temperatures both warm enough and cool enough, You will need ventilation which can come in a multitude of ways depending on: How your lighting your tent? Do you need a Carbon Filter to avoid unwanted people smelling your Marijuana plant(s)? For more info about indoor grow rooms see this link- Indoor Grow Room Tutorials
Now would be a good time to consider how to light your tent, Your options are wide open and this is a choice we each must make for ourselves- I will run down the most popular lighting types along with there pros and cons. I will discuss HID Lighting, LED Lighting and DE HID Lighting. I will not go over florescent lighting here as I feel its been surpassed by LED in price, usage and lifespan. There is a lot of info on StonerHaven regarding both Tube and CFL Fluorescent lighting follow this link- CFL Growing Forum.
HID stands for high intensity discharge, This is what nearly 100% of commercial grow facilities and rooms use today. I would guess that around 75% of home growers use this type lighting as well, The two most widely used are MH and HPS or metal halide and high pressure sodium. Most all modern digital ballasts will allow you to use either bulb with same ballast, The MH bulb is used during vegetative state of plants and the HPS bulb is used during flowering stage.
You will have choices of watts, and voltage- a typical home grower will opt for the 120 volt setup that plugs into a normal socket, a 220 volt setup would plug into something like your dryer or electric oven may use. You will find 400, 600 and 1000 watt lights as the norm for most growers- The more light the higher your yield will be and the more plants you may fit in your tent. This also comes with added heat and need for more space between plants and light. For more information on HID Lighting see this link- HID Growing Forum.
PRO- Cheap, Easy to find new and used
CON- Put off a lot of heat, high electric use
LED stands for Light Emitting Diode, Its quickly becoming much more popular to home growers and as electricity bills go up and technology price comes down its thought LED will take a significant chunk of the market in coming years. LEDs have so much versitility- they can be had in more shapes and sizes than we can discuss here. See our LED Forum for more information- LED Growing Forum
PRO- Low heat output, low electric use
CON- Expensive up front to match a HID output with LED
DE HID Lamps:
Stands for Double Ended High Intensity Discharge. It took over in most commercial grow operations in the last 10 years from Single Ended HID systems. They can provide a more stable temperature and operating current. Ensuring the arc tube is functioning more efficiently provides an improved spectral coverage and DE lamps generally have a 10-30% increase in light intensity and PAR output over traditional SE bulbs.
In this game so far, Its been Gavita- Solis Tek and then everyone else.
PRO- There the best of the best in wavelength and color spectrum, its a step up from the best Single ended Ballast and bulb combo.
CON- Heat and electric consumption.
Now you have to make more choices, Are you growing hydroponics or soil? We have a tutorial here- Soil Or Hydro?
Once those decisions are made, its onto finding quality nutrients if needed. This would be a long list if we talked about all of them and everyone has their own preferences, this would be my top 3 choices for beginning growers-
For more information on nutrients see our forum section here- Nutrient Forum Section.
Your also going to want an EC or PPM meter to help measure the strength of the nutrients you give you plants and
The final part of this equation is....Seeds or Clones-
We have a tutorial discussing that here- Seeds Vs Clones
READY TO GET STARTED?